In order to develop child’s speech, parents often ask their baby to repeat a word or a phrase. Over the time, a child repeats really jagged expressions. It’s a great practice of imitation the sound image, but not the baby speech development. Since the child can reproduce any word and soon forget it, and did not use in the statements.
Every child tries to imitate adults. He quickly catches all the words, phrases, and uses them not mechanically, but to express their own actions, thoughts and feelings. So you should always follow your speech because the child is like a sponge absorbs everything, and then uses all the “word-surprises” in their statements. It is important to teach a child not only correct pronunciation of the words, but also understand the world through the word. This is facilitated by a variety of baby speech and language development activities. I use them to activate the speech with my children in multiple languages.
Effective speech and language development activities for preschoolers.
Reading of fairy-tales, poems and nursery rhymes.
Read funny poems, nursery rhymes and fairy tales several times to your kid. When the child is well acquainted with the text, pause at the end of the line, encouraging the baby to finish the sentence. Soon the child can recite them itself. .
Finger plays are very effective for the development of skills to tell, retell, to hold a dialogue. They also help to improve the coordination of hand movements.
Together with your child observe any action, describing everything that happens. For example, they can describe everything they see. “Look at the street! The kids are running around very fast, noisy. And there’s a girl. She goes to the store slowly, quietly. What can you see? What would you like to do? … “. It is important that the baby also showed its activity. For example, to perform some simple movements, linking them with familiar and unfamiliar words. “Can you run as fast as the kids in the street? Can you go as slowly as the girl? … “
Talking on the phone is good to develop active spoken language. Because a kid can not show anything with gestures. Not necessarily to talk on the real phone. For example, my children really like to simulate a telephone conversation with the help of toy phones.
Continuation of the sentences.
You start to say something, and the child continues or vice versa. For example, you start: “Water can be frozen, shed.. A man can read, eat … A dog barks, runs … The sun shines, warms …”.
Look at the pictures with kids and ask guiding questions. “Who is this? What is he doing? …” With age you can complicate the formulation of the questions. For the children of 4 – 5 years you can show a series of pictures of the known to them fairytale with which he will make a story with complete sentences.
First you need to choose easy riddles that they could quickly solve. Then offer more complicated riddles to develop the child’s thinking.
Actions with sounds. Tell that some actions are accompanied by certain sounds. For example, it’s raining – “drip-drop”. You are clapping your hands – “clap clap”. You are knocking at the door – “rat-tat” … Repeat all the movements with the child, accompanying their sounds.
Performance of the errands with descriptions of actions.
First, ask your child to find and bring you something that can be easily seen. Later complicate the task and asks to find or choose the right subject among other ones. Then ask the kid some questions about the subject it brought.
Actions with words.
You can use funny nursery rhymes with movements for this exercise.
Role-plays, fairy tales.
Act out a scene or a simple familiar fairy tale with baby’s favourite toys. After the scenes ask the child what it saw and what it liked.
Selection of rhymes.
First, explain that a rhyme is 2 words that end in the same way. For example, a cat -a mat. Offer to pick a rhyme to simple words: fat, sit, sleep, can, hot, put…
Learning rhymers, counting-out rhymes.
All children really like different rhymers and counting-out rhymes and use them in their games.
I hope your preschoolers will like these speech and language development activities. And how do you develop your child’s speech and language?